Volume 2, Issue 2 (Spring 2018)                   2018, 2(2): 77-81 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Khodabakhshi-Koolaee ‎ A, Qeibi F. Comparison of the Religious Beliefs and Psychological Well-‎being of Depressed and Non-depressed Elderly Women. Islamic Life Style. 2018; 2 (2) :77-81
URL: http://islamiclifej.com/article-1-33-en.html
1- Psychology & Education Department, Humanities Faculty, Khatam University, Tehran, Iran , a.khodabakhshid@khatam.ac.ir
2- Psychology Department, Humanities Faculty, Science & Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
Abstract:   (4259 Views)
Aims: Depression is one of the most common psychological disorders in the aging period that leads to a decrease in the mental health and well-being of elderly people.  Faith and religious beliefs as well as the acceptance of reality of aging can be a factor in reducing the symptoms of depression. The aim of this study was to compare the religious beliefs and psychological well-being of depressed and non-depressed elderly women.
Instrument & Methods: The present descriptive research is a causal-comparative study. The population of this study included all elderly women, who were the members of Jahandidegan center in District 1 of Tehran Municipality during 2016, of whom 75 depressed and 75 non-depressed elderly were selected by available sampling method. The research instruments were Allport and Russ Religious Orientation Scale, Reef’s Psychological Well-Being Scale, and Geriatric Depression Scale. The data were analyzed by independent T test, using SPSS 22.
Findings: There was a significant difference between religious beliefs (t=-7.46) and psychological well-being (t=-5.36) in depressed and non-depressed elderly women, and mean scores of these two variables were significantly higher in non-depressed women than in depressed women (p=0.001).
Conclusion: Religious beliefs and psychological well-being are higher in non-depressed elderly women than in depressed elderly women.
Full-Text [PDF 498 kb]   (1305 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/12/6 | Published: 2018/04/18

References
1. Montezeri M, Sorbi MH, Ahmadi SM, Yazdanpoor Sh. Comparative study of depression, anxiety and stress among athletic elderly versus nonathletic elderly in 1392. Sci J Rehabil Med. 2014;36(2):15-22. [Persian] [Link]
2. Famil Ahmarian FS, Khodabakhshi koolaee A, Falsafinejad MR. The effects of group logo-therapy on life expectancy and sleep quality in elderlies of boarding center of Tehran city. J Res Relig Health. 2015;1(3):11-8. [Persian] [Link]
3. Mirzaei F, Khodabakhshi Koolaee A. The relationship between sleep quality and perceived social support with loneliness in elderly men. J Gerontol. 2018;2(3):11-20. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/joge.2.3.11]
4. Manzouri L, Babak A, Merathi M. The depression status of the elderly and it's related factors in Isfahan in 2007. Salmand. 2010;4(4):27-33. [Persian] [Link]
5. Otte C. Incomplete remission in depression: Role of psychiatric and somatic comorbidity. Dialog Clin Neurosci. 2008;10(4):453-60. [Link]
6. Hayward D, Owen AD, Koenig HG, Steffens DC, Payne ME. Religion and the presence and severity of depression in older adult. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2012;20(2):188-92. [Link] [DOI:10.1097/JGP.0b013e31822ccd51]
7. Cole MG, Dendukuri N. Risk factors for depression among elderly community subjects: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Psychiatry. 2003;160(6):1147-56. [Link] [DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.160.6.1147]
8. Khodabakhshi Koolaee A, MirAfzal N. Relationship between humor and social support with sex satisfaction in elderly married women . J Gerontol. 2017;2(1):1-10. [Persian] [Link] [DOI:10.29252/joge.2.1.1]
9. Lazenby JM. On "spirituality," "religion," and "religions": A concept analysis. 2010;8(4):469-76. [Link]
10. Lucchetti G, Bassi RM, Lucchetti AL. Taking spiritual history in clinical practice: A systematic review of instruments. Explore (NY). 2013;9(3):159-70. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.explore.2013.02.004]
11. Khodabakhshi Koolaee A, Heidari F, Zangeneh Motlagh F. The effect of mixed prayer and positive psychology group therapy on life meaning and death anxiety among elderly women with physical-motor disabilities. J Res Relig Health. 2018;4(2):16-28. [Persian] [Link]
12. Neimeyer RA, Klass D, Dennis MR. A social constructionist account of grief: Loss and the narration of meaning. Death Stud. 2014;38(6-10):485-98. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/07481187.2014.913454]
13. Koenig HG. Research on religion, spirituality, and mental health: A review. Can J Psychiatry. 2009;54(5):283-91. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/070674370905400502]
14. Asgari p, Khalighi Sigaroodi E, Heidari A, Yousefiyan F, Mar'ashian F. The effectiveness of training prophet Mohammd practical educational methods on the religious thinking the religious beliefs and attitudes and the mental health of high school girl students in Ahvaz City. Knowl Res Appl Psychol. 2009;(40):13-25. [Persian] [Link]
15. Koenig HG. Spirituality and mental health. Int J Appl Psychoanal Stud. 2010;7(2):116-22. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/aps.239]
16. Moberg DO. Research in spirituality, religion, and aging. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2005;45(1-2):11-40. [Link] [DOI:10.1300/J083v45n01_02]
17. Seligman MEP, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. Am Psychol. 2000;55(1):5-14. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.55.1.5]
18. Kashaniyan F, khodabakhshi koolaee A. Effectiveness of positive psychology group interventions on meaning of life and life satisfaction among older adults. Elder Health J. 2015;1(2):68-74. [Link]
19. Mehrabizadeh Honarmand M, Jomehri F, Sheikh Hossein A. Effectiveness of yoga training on psychological well-being and happiness of employees Man nearing retirement an industrial company in the city of Ahvaz. J Soc Psychol. 2013;8(26):23-38. [Persian] [Link]
20. Nelson-Becker H, Nakashima M, Canda ER. Spiritual assessment in aging: A framework for clinicians. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2007;48(3-4),331-47. [Link] [DOI:10.1300/J083v48n03_04]
21. Hodge DR, Horvath VE. Spiritual needs in health care settings: A qualitative meta synthesis of clients perspectives. Soc Work. 2011;56(4):306-16. [Link] [DOI:10.1093/sw/56.4.306]
22. Allport GW, Ross JM. Personal religious orientation and prejudice. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1967;5(4):432-43. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/h0021212]
23. Janbozorgi M. Religious orientation and mental health. Pajouhesh Dar Pezeshki. 2007;31(4):345-50. [Persian] [Link]
24. Abbot RA, Ploubidis GB, Huppert FA, Kuh D, Wadsworth MEJ, Croudace TJ. Psychometric evaluation and predictive validity of Ryff's psychological well-being items in a UK birth cohort sample of women. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2006;4:76. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/1477-7525-4-76]
25. Bayani AA, Mohammad Koochekya A, Bayani A. Reliability and validity of Ryff's psychological Well-being scales. Iran J Psychitr Clin Psychol. 2008;14(2):146-51. [Persian] [Link]
26. Greenberg Sh A. The geriatric depression scale [Internet]. New York: Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing; 2012 [cited 2016 May 4]. Available from: https://consultgeri.org/try-this/general-assessment/issue-4.pdf. [Link]
27. Malakouti SK, Fathollahi P, Mirabzadeh A, Salavati M, Kahani S. Validation of Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) in Iran. Res Med. 2006;30(4):361-9. [Persian] [Link]
28. Khodabakhshi koolaee A, Heidari M, FalsafiNejad M. Effect of group poetry therapy on depression and search for meaning in life among elderly dwelling at female nursing homes in Tafresh. J Geriatric Nurs. 2015;1(3):55-72. [Persian] [Link]
29. Bahrami F, Ramezani-Farani A. Religious orientation (internal and external) effects on aged mental health. J Rehabil. 2005;6(1):42-7. [Persian] 32- Latha KS, Sahana M, Mariella D, Subbannayya K, Asha K. Factors related to life satisfaction, meaning of life, religiosity and death anxiety in health care staff and students: A cross sectional study from India. Online J Health Allied Sci. 2013;12(2):1-7. [Link]
30. Neyrinck B, Lens W, Vansteenkiste M, Soenens B. Updating allport's and Batson's framework of religious orientations: A refreshing look from the perspective of self-determination theory and Wulff's model of approaches towards religion. J Sci Stud Relig. 2010;49(3):425-38. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1468-5906.2010.01520.x]
31. Soenens B, Neyrinck B, Vansteenkiste M, Dezutter J, Hutsebaut D, Duriez B. How do perceptions of God as autonomy supportive or controlling relate to individuals' social-cognitive processing of religious contents? The role of motives for religious behavior. Int J Psychol Relig. 2012;22(1):10-30. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/10508619.2012.634781]
32. Latha KS, Sahana M, Mariella D, Subbannayya K, Asha K. Factors related to life satisfaction, meaning of life, religiosity and death anxiety in health care staff and students: A cross sectional study from India. Online J Health Allied Sci. 2013;12(2):1-7. [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Islamic Life Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb