Volume 2, Issue 4 (Fall 2018)                   2018, 2(4): 217-222 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Hadian S, Aminimanesh S, Khanzadeh M, Ali Asgari R. Model of Explaining the Students' Happiness by Intrinsic Religious Orientation in Considering the Mediating Role of Optimism and Hope. Islamic Life Style 2018; 2 (4) :217-222
URL: http://islamiclifej.com/article-1-219-en.html
1- General Courses Department, Humanities Faculty, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr, Iran , Hadian@iaukhsh.ac.ir
2- Department of Psychology, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran
3- Psychology Departmemt, Humanities Faculty, Non-profit Higher Education Institute of Faizol-Islam, Khomeinishahr, Iran
4- Psychology Department, Humanities Faculty, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Khomeinishahr, Iran
Abstract:   (3825 Views)
Aims: One of the factors influencing the happiness of people in society is religious beliefs. In addition to religious orientation, other factors also contribute to happiness, including optimism and hope. The aim of this study was to present and test the model of explaining students' happiness by intrinsic religious orientation considering the mediating role of optimism and hope.
Instruments and Methods: The present study is a descriptive-correlational study conducted among 377 students in Isfahan in 2017. They were selected by available sampling method. The instruments of this research included Oxford Happiness Questionnaire, Allport Religion Orientation, Adult Hope Scales (AHS), and Life Orientation Test (LOT). To test the model, Pearson correlation coefficient, Structural Equation Modeling Analysis (SEM), the Maximum Likelihood Estimation (ML), and Bootstrapping method were used. The data were analyzed, using AMOS 22 and SPSS 18.
Findings: There was a positive and significant correlation between all variables in the model (p<0.01). The fit indices for the research model were in a favorable range; therefore, the model was consistent with experimental data. Also, all of the model's path coefficients, except for the path of optimism to happiness, were positive and significant. In addition, all indirect effects of the model were significant.
Conclusion: Intrinsic religious orientation can be considered as one of the factors influencing optimism, hope, and happiness.
Full-Text [PDF 476 kb]   (839 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/04/23 | Published: 2018/12/20

References
1. Rashidi Kochi F, Najafi M, Mohammadyfar MA. The role of positive psychological capital and the family function in prediction of happiness in high school students. Positive Psychol. 2017;2(3):79-95. [Persian] [Link]
2. Diener E, Ryan K. Subjective well-being: a general overview. South African J Psychol. 2009;39(4):391-406. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/008124630903900402]
3. Darbe Esfahani F, Motaghedifard M, Arfaei F, Shekari A. Correlation of Islamic lifestyle with life satisfaction and mental health. Islamic Life J. 2018;2(3):131-35. [Persian] [Link]
4. Yang KP, Mao XY. A study of nurses' spiritual intelligence: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(6):999-1010. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.03.004]
5. Gheinaghi A, Sanagoo A, Jouybari L. The relationship between religious beliefs, social support and optimism in students of Golestan University of Medical Sciences. J Adv Med Educ. 2018;1(2):26-9. [Link]
6. Golparvar M. General health of students as a function of religious orientation and religiosity or distributive and procedural just world beliefs. Stud Islam Psychol. 2009;3(4):43-64. [Persian] [Link]
7. Seddighi A, Safarbeygi Sh, Mohebbi S, Shahseyah M. A Survey of the relationship between religious orientation and marital adjustment among couples. J Religion Health. 2014; 2 (1): 49-56. [Persian] [Link]
8. Bahrami Ehsan H, Pournaggash Tehrani S. Relationship between personality dimensions and religious orientation. J Mod Psychol Res. 2009;4(13):1-14. [Persian] [Link]
9. Asgari P, Roshani Kh, Mehri Adriani M. Relationship between religious believes and optimism with spiritual well-being. J Soc Psychol. 2009;4(10):27-39. [Persian] [Link]
10. Janbozorgi M. Religious orientation and mental health. Res Med. 2007;31(4):345-50. [Persian] [Link]
11. Mokhtari A, Allahyari AA, Rasulzade Tabatabaei SK. The relationship between religious orientation and stress. J Psychol. 2001;5(1):56-67. [Persian] [Link]
12. Kiyanzad S, Kajbaf MB, Phayazi M. Examine the relationship between happiness and life orientation (optimism and pessimism) students of faculty of psychology, university of Isfahan. Indian J Fundam Appl life Sci. 2016;6(1):290-97. [Link]
13. Arjmandnia AA, Vatani S, Hasanzadeh S. The effect of positive thinking training on happiness and irrational beliefs in blind adolescents. Posit Psychol. 2017;2(3):21-34. [Persian] [Link]
14. Kermani Z, Khodapanahi M, Heidari M. Psychometrics features of the Snyder hope scal. J Appl Psychol. 2011;5(3):7-23. [Persian] [Link]
15. Sariçam H. Subjective happiness and hope. Universitas Psychologica. 2015;14(2):685-94. [Link]
16. Sepehrian Azar F, Mohammadi N, Badalpoor Z, Norouzzadeh V. The relationship between hope and happiness with marital satisfaction. J Health Care. 2016;18(1):37-44. [Persian] [Link]
17. Yeganeh T. Role of religious orientations in determination of hope and psychological well-being in female patients with breast cancer. Iranian J Breast Dis. 2013;6(3):47-56. [Persian] [Link]
18. Hosseini Ghomi T, Salimi Bajestani H, Zakeri N. Relationship religious orientation and hope with health anxiety among women nurses in Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran. Iranian J Nurs Res. 2014;9(1):17-24. [Persian] [Link]
19. Navabakhsh M, Pouryousefi H. The role of religion and religious beliefs in the psychic health. Religious Study. 2007;(14):71-94. [Persian] [Link]
20. Seligman MEP. Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press. 2002. [Link]
21. Mathew J, Dunning C, Coats Ch, Whelan T. The mediating influence of hope on multidimensional perfectionism and depression. Pers Individ Differ. 2014;70:66–71. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2014.06.008]
22. Youssef CM, Luthans F. Positive organizational behavior in the workplace: the impact of hope, optimism, and resilience. J Manage. 2007;33(5):774-800. [Link] [DOI:10.1177/0149206307305562]
23. Moltafet G, Mazidi M, Sadati S. Personality traits, religious orientation and happiness. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2010;9:63–9. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.116]
24. Farasatkish F, Pirani Z, Khodabakhshi Koolaee A. Relationship of psychological well-being and happiness with religious orientation among female students. J Religion Health. 2016;4(1):36-46. [Persian] [Link]
25. Ashoori J, Saffarian MR, Yousefi N. Relationship between religious orientation, optimism and spiritual intelligence with spiritual health of the Holy Quran instructors. J Psychol Religion. 2014;7(2):125-36. [Persian] [Link]
26. Najafi M, Dehshiri Gh, Dabiri S, Sheykhi M, Jafari N. Psychometric properties of Farsi version of the Oxford happiness questionnaire among college students. Educ Meas. 2012;3(10):55-74. [Persian] [Link]
27. Allport GW. Behavioral science, religion, and mental health. J Religion Health. 1963;2(3):187-97. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/BF01533333]
28. Hosseini M, Sadegh Moghadam L, Graminejad N, Sadeghi S. The role of religious orientation in use of psychological defense mechanisms in medical students. J Religion Health. 2018;6(1):10-8. [Persian] [Link]
29. Snyder CR, et al. The will and the ways: development and validation of an individual-differences measure of hope. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1991;60(4):570-85. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.60.4.570]
30. Bryant FB, Cvengros JA. Distinguishing hope and optimism: two sides of a coin, or two separate coins? J Soc Clin Psychol. 2004;23(2):273-302. [Link] [DOI:10.1521/jscp.23.2.273.31018]
31. Bijari H, Ghanbari Hashemabadi B, Aghamohammadian Sherbaf HR. Effects of hope-based group therapy on the promotion of hope in women with breast cancer. Stud Educ Psychol. 2009;10(1):172-84. [Persian] [Link]
32. Ghasemi A, Abedi A, Baghban I. The impact of group education based on Snyder's hop theory on the rate of happiness in eldery's life. Knowledge Res Appl Psychol. 2009;11(41):17-40. [Persian] [Link]
33. Scheier MF, Carver CS. Optimism, coping, and health: assessment and implications of generalized outcome expectancies. Health Psychol. 1985;4(3):219-47. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/0278-6133.4.3.219]
34. Danesh E, Shamshiri M, Kakavand A, Saliminia A. The relationship between mothers' perfectionism to predict their daughter' self-efficacy and optimism. Q J Psychol Stud. 2013;9(3):125-52. [Persian] [Link]
35. Hassanshahi MM. The relationship between optimism and coping strategies in university students. J Fundam Ment Health. 2002;4(15):86-98. [Persian] [Link]
36. Zhonglin W, KitTai H, Marsh HW. Structural equation model testing: Cutoff criteria for goodness of fit indices and chi-square test. Acta Psychol Sinica. 2004;36(2):186-94. [Chinese] [Link]
37. Preacher KJ, Hayes AF. Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behav Res Methods. 2008;40(3):879-91. [Link] [DOI:10.3758/BRM.40.3.879]
38. Parvaneh E, Azizi K, Karimi P. The effectiveness of hope-therapy on the enhancement of happiness in elderly. J Aging Psychol. 2015;1(1):41-7. [Persian] [Link]
39. Snyder CR. Hope theory: Rainbows in the mind, psychological. Psychol Inq. 2002;13(4):249- 75. [Link] [DOI:10.1207/S15327965PLI1304_01]
40. Marques SC, Pais-Ribeiro JL, Lopez SJ. The role of positive psychology constructs in predicting mental health and academic achievement in children and adolescents: A two-year longitudinal study. J Happiness Stud. 2011;12(6):1049-62. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10902-010-9244-4]
41. Chang EC, Yu EA, Hirsch JK. On the confluence of optimism and hope on depressive symptoms in primary care patients: Does doubling up on bonum futurun proffer any added benefits? J Posit Psychol. 2013;8(5):404-11. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2013.818163]
42. Wong SS, Lim T. Hope versus optimism in Singaporean adolescents: Contributions to depression and life satisfaction. Personality Individ Differences. 2009;46(5-6):648-52. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2009.01.009]
43. Farnia F, Baghshahi N, Zarei H. The Effectiveness of Group Hope Therapy on Happiness in Hemodialysis Patients. J Urmia Nurs Midwifery Fac. 2016;14(6):543-50. [Persian] [Link]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2022 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Islamic Life Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb