Volume 2, Issue 3 (Summer 2018)                   2018, 2(3): 123-129 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Psychology Department, Education & Psychology Faculty, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , naghidashti@arums.ac.ir
2- Psychology Department, Education & Psychology Faculty, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
3- Pharmacology Department, Veterinary Medicine Faculty, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran
4- Research Institute of Hawzah & University (RIHU) Institute, Qom, Iran
Abstract:   (4083 Views)
Aims: Most cardiac patients in bad mental conditions find the ways that reduce their pain and suffering and try to achieve meaning in life. "Dhikr" refers to the remembrance of God and is mentioned as a cause of human tranquility in religious sources as the Quran. The aim of this study was the comparison of quality of life, depression, anxiety, stress, and mindfulness of cardiac patients with much and few remembrance of God.
Instruments and Methods: The statistical population of this causal-comparative study included all cardiac patients with the diagnosis of cardiovascular problems, who received medical treatment in Ardabil during 2017. Totally, 225 of them were selected through available sampling method and completed the research questionnaires. 108 subjects were in the high remembrance group and 117 subjects were in the low remembrance group. The tools used in the study were WHO Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF), Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory_ Short Form (FMI-SF), Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS-21), and researcher made questionnaire of Dhikr. The data were analyzed by multivariate and univariate analysis of variance, using SPSS 22 software.
Findings: There was a significant relationship between age, marital status, and gender with the Dhikr of participants. There was a significant difference between the two groups in terms of quality of life, depression, anxiety, and stress, and mindfulness (p<0.05).
Conclusion: As a religious method, remembrance of God is associated with increased quality of life and mindfulness and reduced depression, anxiety, and stress associated with cardiovascular disease.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/07/9 | Published: 2018/09/8

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