[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Volume 2, Issue 3 (Summer 2018) ::
2018, 2(3): 113-121 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Positive Existential Therapy and Positive Iranian-Islamic Therapy on Depression and Anxiety of Female Students with Social Anxiety
S. Madadi Zavareh , M. Golparvar , A. Aghaie
Psychology Department, Psychology & Educational Sciences Faculty, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran , drmgolparvar@gmail.com
Abstract:   (969 Views)
Aims: One of the areas, where female students with social anxiety need help to improve their health, is to weaken their anxiety and depression. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of positive existential therapy and positive Iranian-Islamic therapy on anxiety and depression in female students with social anxiety.
Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental research was carried out with a pre-test and post-test design with two experimental groups and one control group among 45 female secondary high school students with social anxiety in Ardestan, who were selected by purposive sampling method in 2017. They were randomly assigned to positive existential therapy, positive Iranian-Islamic therapy, and control group (each group with 15 person). Anxiety questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory were used. The positive existential therapy group received 10 sessions of therapy (each 90 minutes), positive Iranian-Islamic therapy group received 11 sessions of therapy (each 90 minutes), and the control group did not receive any therapy. The data were analyzed by SPSS 20 software, using covariance of a single variable analysis with repeated measurements and Bonferroni post-hoc test.
Findings: There was a significant difference between the positive existential therapy and positive Iranian-Islamic therapy and control group in anxiety and depression in post-test. Also, there was a significant difference between positive Iranian-Islamic therapy and positive existential therapy in depression.
Conclusion: Positive Iranian-Islamic therapy and positive existential therapy reduce anxiety among female students with social anxiety. Also, positive Iranian-Islamic therapy has a greater effect on the reduction of depression of these students rather than positive existential therapy.
 
Keywords: Anxiety, Depression, Social anxiety
Full-Text [PDF 477 kb]   (227 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/06/17 | Accepted: 2018/08/25 | Published: 2018/09/8
References
1. Beesdo-Baum K, Knappe S, Fehm L, Höfler M, Lieb R, Hofmann SG, et al. The natural course of social anxiety disorder among adolescents and young adults. Acta Psychiatr Scand. 2012;126(6):411-25. [Link] [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0447.2012.01886.x]
2. Bhatia MS, Goyal A. Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents: Need for early detection. J Postgrad Med 2018;64(2):75-6. [Link] [DOI:10.4103/jpgm.JPGM_65_18]
3. Anderson RE, Hope DA. A relationship among social phobia, objective and perceived physiological reactivity, and anxiety sensitivity in an adolescent population. J Anxiety Disord. 2009;23(1):18-26. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2008.03.011]
4. Beesdo K, Bittner A, Pine DS, Stein MB, Höfler M, Lieb R, et al. Incidence of social anxiety disorder and the consistent risk for secondary depression in the first three decades of life. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2007;64(8):903-12. [Link] [DOI:10.1001/archpsyc.64.8.903]
5. Cruz ELDD, Martins PDC, Diniz PRB. Factors related to the association of social anxiety disorder and alcohol use among adolescents: A systematic review. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2017;93(5):442-51. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.jped.2017.05.001]
6. Talepasand S, Nokani M. Social phobia symptoms: Prevalence and sociodemographic correlates. Arch Iran Med. 2010;13(6):522-7. [Link]
7. Talkovsky AM, Green KL, Osegueda A, Norton PJ. Secondary depression in transdiagnostic group cognitive behavioral therapy among individuals diagnosed with anxiety disorders. J Anxiety Disord. 2017;46:56-64. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.09.008]
8. Washburn D, Wilson G, Roes M, Rnic K, Harkness KL. Theory of mind in social anxiety disorder, depression, and comorbid conditions. J Anxiety Disord. 2016;37:71-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2015.11.004]
9. Makvandi S, Zamani M. The survey of quality of life and its dimensions in Islamic Azad University Ahvaz branch students in 2010. Jentashapir J Health Res. 2012;2(4):191-200. [Link]
10. Barrera TL, Norton PJ. Quality of life impairment in generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia, and panic disorder. J Anxiety Disord. 2009;23(8):1086-90. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2009.07.011]
11. Leichsenring F1, Salzer S, Beutel ME, Herpertz S, Hiller W, Hoyer J, et al. Psychodynamic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy in social anxiety disorder: A multicenter randomized controlled trial. Am J Psychiatry. 2013;170(7):759-67. [Link] [DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2013.12081125]
12. Leigh E, Clark DM. Understanding social anxiety disorder in adolescents and improving treatment outcomes: Applying the cognitive model of Clark and Wells (1995). Clin Child Fam Psychol Rev. 2018;21(3):388-414. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10567-018-0258-5]
13. Sharma P, Mehta M, Sagar R. Efficacy of transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral group therapy for anxiety disorders and headache in adolescent. J Anxiety Disord. 2017;46:78-84. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.janxdis.2016.11.001]
14. Mohagheghi H, Dousti P, Jafari D. The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on reduction, generalized anxiety disorder, social phobia and health anxiety in students. Clin Psychol Stud. 2016;6(23):81-94. [Persian] [Link]
15. Hofmann SG, Scepkowski LA. Social-self-reappraisal therapy for social phobia: Preliminary findings. J Cogn Psychother. 2006;20(1):45-57. [Link] [DOI:10.1891/jcop.20.1.45]
16. Pourrezaian M. The clinical evaluation of psychodrama's effectiveness in treatment of social anxiety: A case study. Clin Psychol Stud. 2016;6(24):29-46. [Persian] [Link]
17. Mahmoudi H, Khoshakhlagh H. The effectiveness of positive psychotherapy on psychological well-being and self-esteem among adolescents with depression disorder. SBRH. 2018;2(1):153-63. [Link]
18. Chakhssi F, Kraiss JT, Sommers-Spijkerman M, Bohlmeijer ET. The effect of positive psychology interventions on well-being and distress in clinical samples with psychiatric or somatic disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry. 2018;18(211):1-7. [Link] [DOI:10.1186/s12888-018-1739-2]
19. Rashid, T. Positive psychotherapy: A strength-based approach. J Posit Psychol. 2015;10(1):25-40. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.920411]
20. Seligman MEP, Rashid T, Parks A. Positive psychotherapy. Am Psychol. 2006;61(8):772-8. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/0003-066X.61.8.774]
21. Hasanvandi S, Ghazi Sh, Ghadampour EA. The effect of positive therapeutic program on psychological well-being of women with ADHD children. Yafte Q Res J. 2017;19(2):30-40. [Persian] [Link]
22. Noferesty A, Rimaz S, Fata L, Asmar M, Pasandideh A, Shaeiri MR. The effectiveness of positive psychotherapy in increasing happiness and psychological well-being in people with depression symptoms: A multiple-baseline study. Posit Psychol Res. 2015;1(1):1-18. [Persian] [Link]
23. Jabbari M, Shahidi Sh, Mootabi F. Effectiveness of group intervention based on positive psychology in reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety and increasing life satisfaction in adolescent girls. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2015;20(4):296-87. [Persian] [Link]
24. Fava GA. Well-being therapy: Current indications and emerging perspectives. Psychother Psychosomat. 2016;85(3):136-45. [Link] [DOI:10.1159/000444114]
25. Uliaszek AA, Rashid T, Williams GE, Gulamani T. Group therapy for university students: A randomized control trial of dialectical behavior therapy and positive psychotherapy. Behav Res Ther. 2016;77(2):78-85. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.brat.2015.12.003]
26. Sin NL, Lyubomirsky S. Enhancing well-being and alleviating depressive symptoms with positive psychology interventions: A practice-friendly meta-analysis. J Clin Psychol. 2009;65(5):467-87. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/jclp.20593]
27. Koyuncu A, Ertekin E, Ertekin BA, Binbay Z, Yuksel Ç, Deveci E, et al. Relationship between atypical depression and social anxiety disorder. Psychiatry Res. 2015;225(1-2):79-84. [Link] [DOI:10.1016/j.psychres.2014.10.014]
28. Waterman AS. The humanistic psychology–positive psychology divide: Contrasts in philosophical foundations. Am Psychol. 2013;68(3):124-33. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/a0032168]
29. Passmore HA, Howell AJ. Eco-existential positive psychology: Experiences in nature, existential anxieties, and well-being. Humanist Psychol. 2014;42(4):370-88. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/08873267.2014.920335]
30. Wong PTP. Meaning therapy: An integrative and positive existential Psychotherapy. J Contemporary Psychotherapy. 2010;40(2):85-93. [Link] [DOI:10.1007/s10879-009-9132-6]
31. Azza AT, Etemad AAES, Taghreed IMA, Rehab IMA, Wedad AMA. Social anxiety disorder and its correlates among female students at Taif University, Saudi Arabia. Rese Psychol Behav Sci. 2017;5(2):50-6. [Link] [DOI:10.12691/rpbs-5-2-3]
32. Asgari M, Amini K, Sahbaie F. Prevalence of social phobia disorder in high school students in Abhar city, Iran. J Fundam Mental Health. 2016;18(1):42-7. [Persian] [Link]
33. Ebrahiminejad S, Poursharifi H, Bakhshiour Roodsari A, Zeinodini Z, Noorbakhsh S. The effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy on Iranian female adolescents suffering from social anxiety. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2016;18(11):e25116. [Link] [DOI:10.5812/ircmj.25116]
34. Jamshidian QalehShahi P, Aghaei A, Golparvar M. Comparing the effect of Iranian positive therapy and acceptance-commitment therapy on depression, anxiety and stress of infertile women in Isfahan city. J Health Promot Manag. 2017;6(5):8-16. [Persian] [Link]
35. Fathi Ashtiani A, Dastani M. Psychological tests: Personality and mental health. 10th. Tehran: Besat; 2012. [Persian] [Link]
36. Kim H, Doiron K, Warren MA, Donaldson SI. The international landscape of positive psychology research: A systematic review. Int J Wellbeing. 2018;8(1):50-70. [Link]
37. Casellas-Grau A, Font A, Vives J. Positive psychology interventions in breast cancer. A systematic review. Psycho Oncol. 2014;23(1):9-19. [Link] [DOI:10.1002/pon.3353]
38. Donaldson SI, Dollwet M, Rao MA. Happiness, excellence, and optimal functioning revisited: Examining the peer-reviewed literature linked to positive psychology. J Posit Psychol. 2015;10(3):185-95. [Link] [DOI:10.1080/17439760.2014.943801]
39. Rao MA, Donaldson SI. Expanding opportunities for diversity in positive psychology: An examination of gender, race, and ethnicity. Can Psychol. 2015;56(3),271-82. [Link] [DOI:10.1037/cap0000036]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA code


XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Madadi Zavareh S, Golparvar M, Aghaie A. Effect of Positive Existential Therapy and Positive Iranian-Islamic Therapy on Depression and Anxiety of Female Students with Social Anxiety. Islamic Life Style. 2018; 2 (3) :113-121
URL: http://islamiclifej.com/article-1-186-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 3 (Summer 2018) Back to browse issues page
سبک زندگی اسلامی با محوریت سلامت Islamic Life Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 3790